heat wave in maharashtra 2022: 2021 is not the hottest year; The World Meteorological Organization’s forecast raises concerns – world likely to set record for hottest year every year till 2026
Available data show that seawater temperatures have been steadily rising for the past two decades. The oceans absorb 23% of the carbon dioxide produced by human activity. As a result, seawater becomes acidic. This poses a threat to marine biodiversity. This lowers the pH level of the sea water. According to the IPCC report, the sea level pH level was the lowest in 26,000 years. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) says the level is falling further. Sea levels are rising as ice melts faster, posing a major threat to coastal residents. Also, it is likely to increase tropical cyclones.
Long-term detrimental effects on the ecosystem
Changes in land, sea and climate due to human intervention are having detrimental and long term effects on sustainable development and ecosystems. The 2021 global meteorological report revealed that the last seven years have been record highs of heat, with 2021 not going to be the hottest month since 2021. This only helped to reduce the heat temporarily. However, the World Meteorological Organization has noted that 2021 was 1.11 degrees Celsius warmer than before the Industrial Revolution.